Here is a comprehensive bibliography on social assistance in Canada.

The first section addresses social assistance in Canada as a whole, followed by sections focused on individual provinces listed in alphabetical order.  Please note, this bibliography is in ongoing development.  A separate listing on First Nations Social Assistance is still to come.  If you know of additional resources that are not listed please contact Allan Moscovitch via email at allan.moscovitch@carleton.ca.

To download or print off this bibliography click here for a pdf version.

 

 


 

A Bibliography of Research on Social Assistance in Canada

October 2015
Prepared by Allan Moscovitch

 

  • CANADA
  • ALBERTA
  • BRITISH COLUMBIA
  • MANITOBA
  • NEW BRUNSWICK
  • NEWFOUNDLAND
  • NOVA SCOTIA
  • NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
  • NUNAVUT
  • ONTARIO
  • PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
  • QUEBEC
  • SASKATCHEWAN
  • YUKON

  1. Sadrudin A. Ahmed and Douglas N. Jackson, “Psychographics for Social Policy Decisions: Welfare Assistance,” The Journal of Consumer Research, March 1979, 5:4, 229-239
  1. Douglas W. Allen, Welfare and the Family: The Canadian Experience, Journal of Labor Economics, January 1993, 11:1, 201-223
  1. Maureen Baker, “Working their Way Out of Poverty? Gendered Employment in Three Welfare States,” Journal of Comparative Family Studies, July 2009, 40:4, 617-634
  1. Maureen Baker and David Tippin, “ ‘When flexibility meets rigidity’: sole mothers’ experiences in the transition from welfare to work,” Journal of Sociology, December 2002, 38:4, 345-360.
  1. Garry F. Barrett, “The effect of educational attainment on welfare dependence: Evidence from Canada,” Journal of Public Economics, August 2000, 77:2, 209-232
  1. Sylvia Bashevkin, Welfare Hot Buttons: Women, Work and Social Policy Reform, University of Toronto Press, 2002.
  1. Leslie Bella, “The provincial role in the Canadian welfare state: the influence of provincial social policy initiatives on the design of the Canada Assistance Plan,” Canadian Public Administration, September 1979,22:3, 439-452. 
  1. Gerard Boychuk, Patchworks of Purpose: The Development of Provincial Social Assistance Regimes in CanadaMontréal, QU, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1998.
  1. Gerard Boychuk, “Social Assistance and Canadian Federalism,” in François Rocher and Miriam Smith, (eds.), New Trends in Canadian Federalism, 2nd ed. Peterborough: Broadview, 2003.
  1. Rhonda S. Breitkreuz and Deanna L. Williamson, “The Self-Sufficiency Trap: A Critical Examination of Welfare-to-Work,” The Social Service Review 86:4, December 2012, 86:4, 660-689.
  1. Stephanie Baker Collins, “The Challenge of Equity in Canadian Social Welfare Policy,” Canadian Review of Social Policy42, 1998.
  1. Nicolas Beaulieu, Jean-Yves Duclos, Bernard Fortin et al.”Intergenerational reliance on social assistance: Evidence from Canada,” Journal of Population Economics, September 2005, 18:3, 539-562
  1. Bedos, A. Levine, J.-M. Brodeur, “How People on Social Assistance Perceive, Experience, and Improve Oral Health,” Journal of Dental Research, July 2009, 88:7, 653-657
  1. Lucie Blais, Julie Couture, and Elham Rahme et al. ”Impact of a cost sharing drug insurance plan on drug utilization among individuals receiving social assistance, “ Health Policy, May 2003, 64:2, 163-172
  1. Campolieti and H. Krashinsky, “Substitution between disability support programs in Canada,” October 2004, Canadian Public Policy, 2003, 29:4, 417-429
  1. Michael Charette and Ronald Meng, “The Determinants of Welfare Participation of Female Heads of Household in Canada,” The Canadian Journal of Economics / Revue canadienne d’Economique, May 1994, 27:2, .290-306
  1. Kelly Chen, Lars Osberg, Shelley Phipps, Inter-generational effects of disability benefits: evidence from Canadian social assistance programs,” Journal of Population Economics, October 2015, 28:4.873-910
  1. Martin Cooke, “A Welfare Trap? The Duration and Dynamics of Social Assistance Use among Lone Mothers in Canada,” Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue canadienne de sociologie, August 2009, 46:3 179-206
  1. Martin Cooke and Amber Gazso, “Taking a Life Course Perspective on Social Assistance Use in Canada: A Different Approach,” Canadian Journal of Sociology, 34:2, 2009, 349-372.
  1. Michael I. Cragg, “The Dynamics of Welfare Use in Canada,” The Canadian Journal of Economics / Revue canadienne d’Economique, April 1996, 25-32
  1. Rick Csiernik , ”The Income Adequacy of Provincial and Territorial Social Assistance Payments to Non-Institutionalized Disabled Adults: Further Evidence Why Canada Needs a Guaranteed Annual Income Policy,” Canadian Journal of Public Health / Revue Canadienne de Sante’e Publique, March 1988, 79:2, 109-114
  1. Louis N. Christofides, Thanasis Stengos, and Robert Swidinsky, “Welfare Participation and Labour Market Behaviour in Canada,” The Canadian Journal of Economics / Revue canadienne d’Economique August 1997, 30:3, 595-621
  1. Barbara Davis and Valerie Tarasuk, “Hunger in Canada,” Agriculture and Human Values, September 1994, 11:4, 50-57
  1. Jamie R. Daw and Steven G. Morgan, “Stitching the gaps in the Canadian public drug coverage patchwork? A review of provincial pharmacare policy changes from 2000 to 2010,” Health policy, January 2012, 104:1, 19-26
  1. Mark S. Dolson, “By Sleight of Neoliberal Logics: Street Youth, Workfare, and the Everyday Tactics of Survival in London, Ontario, Canada,” City & Society August 2015, 27:2,.116-135
  1. Mark Dolson, “Trauma, Workfare and the Social Contingency of Precarity and Its Sufferings: The Story of Marius, A Street-Youth,” Culture, Medicine, and Psychiatry, March 2015, 39:1, 134-161.
  1. Martin D. Dooley, Stéphane Gascon, Pierre Lefebvre, et al., « Lone Female Headship and Welfare Policy in Canada,” The Journal of Human Resources, July 2000, 35:3, 587-602
  1. Martin D. Dooley, ‘The Evolution of Welfare Participation among Canadian Lone Mothers, 1973-1991,” The Canadian Journal of Economics / Revue canadienne d’Economique, May 1999, 32:3, 589-612
  1. Joel Emes and Andrei Kreptul, “The Adequacy of Welfare Benefits in Canada,” The Fraser Institute, April 1999, http://oldfraser.lexi.net/publications/critical_issues/1999/welfare_benefits/
  1. Patricia M. Evans, “Targeting Single Mothers for Employment: Comparisons from the United States, Britain, and Canada,” The Social Service Review September 1992, 66:3 378-398
  1. Patricia M. Evans, “(Not) Taking Account of Precarious Employment: Workfare Policies and Lone Mothers in Ontario and the UK,” Social Policy & Administration, February 2007, 41:1, 29-49
  2. Patricia M. Evans, “From Workfare to the Social Contract: Implications for Canada of Recent US Welfare Reforms,” Canadian Public Policy / Analyse de Politiques, March 1993, 19:1, .54-67
  1. Federal-Provincial-Territorial Directors of Income Support, Social Assistance Statistical Report: 2005, Ottawa, August 2006.
  1. Federal-Provincial-Territorial Directors of Income Support, Social Assistance Statistical Report: 2006, Ottawa, August 2009.
  1. Federal-Provincial-Territorial Directors of Income Support, Social Assistance Statistical Report: 2008, September 2010.
  1. Ross Finnie and Ian Irvine, The Welfare Enigma: Explaining the Dramatic Decline in Canadians’ Use of Social Assistance, 1993–2005,D. Howe Institute, Commentary No. 267, June 2008. https://www.cdhowe.org/welfare-enigma-explaining-dramatic-decline-canadians%E2%80%99-use-social-assistance-1993%E2%80%932005
  1. Reuben Ford, Jenn Dixon, Shek-wai Hui, Isaac Kwakye, and Danielle Patry, Motivational Interviewing Pilot Project Final Report, Social Research and Demonstration Corporation, September 11, 2014, http://www.srdc.org/news/motivating-long-term-social-assistance-recipients-towards-employment.aspx
  1. Marc Frenette, David A. Green and Kevin Milligan, “Taxes, Transfers, and Canadian Income Inequality,” Canadian Public Policy 35:4, January 2009, 35:4, 389-411
  1. Marc Frenette and Garnett Picot, “Life after Welfare: The Economic Well Being of Welfare Leavers in Canada during the 1990s,” Statistics Canada, March 2003. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/access_acces/alternative_alternatif.action?l=eng&loc=http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11f0019m/11f0019m2003192-eng.pdf&t=Analytical%20Studies%20Branch%20Research%20Paper%20Series
  1. Amber Gazso,. “Reinvigorating the Debate: Questioning the Assumptions About and Models of the “Family” in Social Assistance Policy.” Women’s Studies International Forum,32:2, 2009, 150-162.
  1. Amber Gazso and Susan McDaniel. “The Risks of Being a Single Mother on Income Support in Canada and the United States.” International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 30:7/8, 2010, 368-386.
  1. Amber Gazso and Ingrid Waldron, “Fleshing Out the Racial Undertones of Poverty for Canadian Women and their Families: Re-envisioning a Critical Integrative Approach.” Atlantis: A Women’s Studies Journal, 34:1, 2009, 132-141.
  2. Amber Gazso, “Staying Afloat on Social Assistance: Parents’ Strategies of Balancing Work and Family,” Socialist Studies,3:2, 2007, 31-63.
  1. Amber Gazso,. “Balancing Expectations for Employability and Family Responsibilities While on Social Assistance: Low Income Mothers’ Experiences in Three Canadian Provinces.” Family Relations, 56:5, 2007, 454-466.
  1. Luann Good Gingrich, “Social Exclusion and Double Jeopardy: The Management of Lone Mothers in the Market–State Social Field,” Social Policy & Administration, August 2008, 42:4, 379-395
  1. Ian Gough, Jonathan Bradshaw and John Ditch et al., “Social Assistance in Oecd Countries,” Journal of European Social Policy, February 1997, 7:1, 17-43
  1. Peter Graefe, “State Restructuring, Social Assistance, And Canadian Intergovernmental Relations: Same Scales, New Tune,” Studies In Political Economy, 78, Autumn 2006, 93-117.
  1. David H. Greenberg, Charles H. Michalopoulos, and Philip K. Robins, “Making Work Pay For Welfare Recipients,” Contemporary Economic Policy July 1995, 13:3, 39-52
  1. Nezih Guner and John Knowles, “Why is the rate of single-parenthood lower in Canada than in the U.S.? A dynamic equilibrium analysis of welfare policies Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d’économique February 2009, 42:1, 56-89
  1. David Gyarmati, Shawn de Raaf, Boris Palameta, Claudia Nicholson, and Taylor Shek-Wai Hui, Encouraging Work and Supporting Communities: Final Results of the Community Employment Innovation ProjectSocial Research and Demonstration Corporation, November 2008, http://www.srdc.org/news/new-report-presents-a-viable-program-to-support-vulnerable-communities-and-the-unemployed.aspx
  1. Nazim N. Habibov and Lida Fan “Comparing and contrasting poverty reduction performance of social welfare programs across jurisdictions in Canada using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA): An exploratory study of the era of devolution,” Evaluation and Program Planning, November 2010, 33:4 457-467
  1. Allison Harell, Stuart Soroka and Kiera Ladner, Public opinion, prejudice and the racialization of welfare in Canada, Ethnic and Racial Studies, December 2014, 37:14, 2580-2597.
  1. Allison Harell, Stuart Soroka and Adam Mahon, “Is Welfare a Dirty Word? Canadian Public Opinion on Social Assistance Policies,” Policy Options, September 2008, 53-56.
  1. Martha Jackman, “The Protection of Welfare Rights Under the Charter,” Ottawa Law Review20:2,1988.
  1. Catherine Kingfisher, A Policy Travelogue: Tracing Welfare Reform In Aotearoa/New Zealand And Canada, Oxford: Berghahn, 2013.
  1. Catherine Kingfisher and Michael Goldsmith, “Reforming Women in the United States and Aotearoa/New Zealand: A Comparative Ethnography of Welfare Reform in Global Context,” American Anthropologist, September 2001, 103:3, 714-732
  1. Ronald Kneebone and Katherine White, The Rise And Fall Of Social-Assistance Use In Canada, 1969–2012, University of Calgary, School of Public Policy, SSP Research Papers, 7:5, 2014.
  1. Ronald D. Kneebone and Katherine G. White, “Fiscal Retrenchment and Social Assistance in Canada,” Canadian Public Policy, 35:1, March/mars 2009, 21-40. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/canadian_public_policy/toc/cpp.35.1.html
  1. Edward A Koning and Keith G Banting, “Inequality below the Surface: Reviewing Immigrants’ Access to and Utilization of Five Canadian Welfare Programs,” Canadian Public Policy, January 2014, 39:4, 581-601.
  1. Rhonda Kornberger, Janet E. Fast and Deanna L. Williamson, “Welfare or Work: Which Is Better for Canadian Children?” Canadian Public Policy / Analyse de Politiques, December 2001, 27:4, 407-421
  1. Norm Leckie, Taylow Shek-Wai Hui, Doug Tattrie, Jennifer Robson, and Jen-Pierre Voyer, Learn Save: Individual Development Accounts Project: Final Report, Social Research and Demonstration Corporation, Ottawa, November 2, 2010, http://www.srdc.org/news/testing-an-innovative-approach-to-promote-adult-learning-for-low-income-canadians.aspx
  1. Pierre Lefebvre and Philip Merrigan, “Social Assistance and Conjugal Union Dissolution in Canada: A Dynamic Analysis, ”The Canadian Journal of Economics / Revue canadienne d’Economique 30(1), February 1997,112-134
  1. Pierre Lefebvre and Philip Merrigan, “The Impact of Welfare Benefits on the Conjugal Status of Single Mothers in Canada: Estimates from a Hazard Model,” The Journal of Human Resources, July 1998, 33:3 742-757
  1. Thomas Lemieux and Kevin Milligan, Incentive Effects of Social Assistance: A Regression Discontinuity Approach, Statistics Canada11F0019MIE, No. 280, June 2006. http://publications.gc.ca/site/eng/291314/publication.html
  1. Ernie S. Lightman, “Social assistance in a shrinking Canadian welfare state,” International Social Security Review , January 1991,44:1‐2, 111-120
  1. Ernie Lightman, Andrew Mitchell, and Dean Herd, “Cycling Off And On Welfare In Canada,” Journal Of Social Policy, 39(4), October 2010,523-542.
  1. Elizabeth Lin, Peter C. Austin and Cameron A. Mustard, “Measuring the Effect of a Large Reduction in Welfare Payments on Mental Health Service Use in Welfare-Dependent Neighborhoods “ Medical Care, September 2005, 43:9, 885-891
  1. Charles Michalopoulos, Doug Tattrie, Cynthia Miller, Philip K. Robins, Pamela Morris, David Gyarmati, Cindy Redcross, Kelly Foley, and Reuben FordSelf-Sufficiency Project (SSP) – Making Work Pay: Final Report on the Self-Sufficiency Project for Long-Term Welfare Recipients, Social Research and Demonstration Corporation, July 2002, http://www.srdc.org/publications/Self-Sufficiency-Project-SSP–Making-Work-Pay-Final-Report-on-the-Self-Sufficiency-Project-for-Long-Term-Welfare-Recipients-details.aspx
  1. Allan Moscovitch, “Canada Health and Social Transfer: What Was Lost?” Canadian Review of Social Policy, 37, 1996.
  1. John Myles, Feng Hou, Garnett Picot, et al., “The Demographic Foundations of Rising Employment and Earnings among Single Mothers in Canada and the United States, 1980–2000,” Population Research and Policy Review, October 2009, 28:5, 693-720
  1. Naomi Elizabeth Nichols, “Gimme shelter! Investigating the social service interface from the standpoint of youth,” Journal of Youth Studies, December 2008, 11:6, .685-699.
  1. Marilyn Ott, Gina Browne, Carolyn Byrne, et al. “Recreation for children on social assistance, 4–17 years old, pays for itself the same year,” Journal of Public Health, September 2006, 28:3 203-208
  1. Jamie Peck, “Political Economies of Scale: Fast Policy, Interscalar Relations and Neoliberal Workfare,” Economic Geography, 78:3, 2002.
  1. Jamie Peck, “From Federal Welfare to Local Workfare? Remaking Canada’s Work-Welfare Regime,” in Andrew Herod, Gearoid O. Tuathail and Susan M. Roberts, eds., An Unruly World? Globalization, Governance and Geography, New York: Routledge, 1998.
  1. Graham Riches, Food Banks and Food Security: Welfare Reform, Human Rights and Social Policy. Lessons from Canada?, Social Policy and Administration, December 2002, 36:6, 648o-663 –
  1. Lynne M. Robinson, Lynn Mcintyre, and Suzanne Officer, ”Welfare babies: poor children’s experiences informing healthy peer relationships in Canada,” Health Promotion International, December 2005, 20:, 342-350
  1. Roy, “Social Assistance by Province, 1993-2003,” Canadian Economic Observer, November 2004, http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-010-x/01104/7614-eng.htm
  1. Sceviour and R. Finnie, “Social Assistance Use: Trends in incidence, entry and exit rates,” Canadian Economic Observer, August 2004, http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-010-x/00804/7009-eng.htm
  1. Anindya Sen and Hideki Ariizumi, “Teen families, welfare transfers, and the minimum wage: evidence from Canada,” Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d’économique February 2013, 46:1, 338-360
  1. Tracy R. Snoddon, “The Impact of the CHST on Interprovincial Redistribution in Canada,” Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de PolitiquesMarch 1998,24:1 49-70.
  1. Valerie Tarasuk, Naomi Dachner and Rachel Loopstra, “Food banks, welfare, and food insecurity in Canada,” British Food Journal, January 2014, 116:9,1405-1417
  1. Nik Theodore and Jamie Peck, “Searching for the Best Practice in Welfare to Work: The Means, the Method and the Message,” Policy and Politics, 29:1, 2001.
  1. Sherri Torjman, Workfare: A Poor LawCaledon Institute for Social Policy, 1996.
  1. Anne Tweddle, Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman, Welfare in Canada 2012, Caledon Institute of Social Policy, December 2013.
  1. Anne Tweddle, Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman, Welfare in Canada 2013, Caledon Institute of Social Policy, November 2014.
  1. Glenn Verheul, Sharon Manson Singer and James M. Christenson, “Mortality and Morbidity Associated with the Distribution of Monthly Welfare Payments,” Academic Emergency Medicine, February 1997, 4:2, 118-123
  1. Leah F. Vosko, “Mandatory ‘Marriage’ or Obligatory Waged Work: Social Assistance and Single Mothers in Wisconsin and Ontario,” in Sylvia Bashevkin, (ed.), Women’s Work is Never Done: Comparative Studies in Care-Giving and Social Policy ReformRoutledgeNew York, 2002.
  1. Rebecca N. Warburton and William P. Warburton, “Canada Needs Better Data for Evidence-Based Policy: Inconsistencies between Administrative and Survey Data on Welfare Dependence and Education,” Canadian Public Policy/Analyse de Politiques, September 2004, 30:3, 241-255
  1. Robert D. Weaver, Nazim Habibov, and Lida Fan, “Devolution and the poverty reduction effectiveness of Canada’s provincial social welfare programs: Results from a time-series investigation of a Canadian national survey.” Journal of Policy Practice, 9:2, 2010, 80-95.
  1. Stephen Whelan, “The take-up of means-tested income support,” Empirical Economics, December 2010, 39:3, 847-875
  1. Stephen Whelan, “The Interaction between Income Support Programs,” LABOUR 24:4, December 2010, 407-440.
  1. L Williamson, and F Salkie, “Welfare reforms in Canada,” Journal of Children and Poverty, 11:1, 2005, 55–76.
  1. Maria Zlotorzynska, M.-J.S. Milloy, Lindsey Richardson, et al., “Timing of income assistance payment and overdose patterns at a Canadian supervised injection facility,” International Journal of Drug Policy, July 2014, 25:4, 736-739

  1. Kenneth J. BoessenkoolBack to Work: Learning from the Alberta Welfare Experiment, C.D. Howe Institute, Apr.1, 1997. https://www.cdhowe.org/sites/default/files/attachments/research_papers/mixed//kbkool.pdf
  1. Amber Gazso and Harvey Krahn, “Out of Step or Leading the Parade? Public Opinion about Income Support Policy in Alberta, 1995 and 2004,” Journal of Canadian Studies/Revue d’Etudes canadiennes, 42:1, Winter 2008, 154-178,

  1. Peter Adams, Cathy Tait, and Victoria Consulting Network Ltd., Evaluation of the Job Placement Program and the Training for Jobs ProgramEmployment Initiatives Branch, Ministry of Human Resources, September 9, 2004. http://www.povnet.org/sites/povnet.org/files/Evaluation_JPP_T4J_Pilot.pdf
  1. Jill Atkey and Rebecca Signer, Still Left Behind A Comparison Of Living Costs And Income Assistance In British Columbia, SPARC BC, February 2008.
  1. Shauna Butterwick with Caroline White, A Path Out Of Poverty: Helping BC Income Assistance Recipients Upgrade Their Education, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, 2006. https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC_Office_Pubs/bc_2006/path_out_of_poverty.pdf
  1. Seth Klein, Jane Pulkingham, Sylvia Parusel, Kathryn Plancke, Jewelles Smith, Dixon Sookraj,, Thi Vu, Bruce Wallace and Jane Worton, Living on Welfare in BC: Experiences of Longer-Term “Expected to Work” Recipients, Co-published by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, BC Office and Raise the Rates, April 2008. https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC_Office_Pubs/bc_2008/bc_LoW_summary_web.pdf
  1. Seth Klein and Andrea Long, A Bad Time to be Poor: An Analysis of British Columbia’s New Welfare Policies, Co-published by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives and the Social Planning and Research Council of BC, June 2003. https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC_Office_Pubs/welfare.pdf
  1. Jorgen Hansen, “Human Capital and Welfare Dynamics in Canada, The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, June 2007, 7:1, #27
  1. Jane Pulkingham and Sylvia Fuller, “From Parent to Patient: The Medicalization of Lone Motherhood through Welfare Reform,” Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society, June 2012, 19:2, 243-268
  1. Bruce Wallace and Tim Richards, The Rise and Fall of Welfare Time Limits in British Columbia, Vancouver Island Public Interest Research Group, June 2008.
  1. Bruce Wallace, Seth Klein and Marge Reitsma-Street with Tim Richards, Denied Assistance: Closing the Front Door on Welfare in BC, Co-published by the Vancouver Island Public Interest Research Group and the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, March 2006.

  1. Harvey Stevens, Wayne Simpson, and Sid Frankel, “Explaining Declining Social Assistance Participation Rates: A Longitudinal Analysis of Manitoba Administrative and Population Data, Canadian Public Policy, June 2011, 37:2, 163-181
  1. Tom Janzen, Tom Carter, and Brian McGregor, A New Face On Poverty: Social Assistance In Winnipeg’s Inner City, Research Highlight No.3, February 2004. http://homeless.samhsa.gov/ResourceFiles/A_New_Face_On_Poverty-Social_Assistance_in_Winnipeg.pdf
  1. Shauna Mackinnon, “Workfare in Manitoba” in Jim Silver (ed.) Solutions that Work, Fighting Poverty in Winnipeg, Halifax and Winnipeg: Fernwood Publishing and Canadian Center for Policy Alternatives, 2000.
  1. Byron M. Sheldrick, Harold Dyck, Troy Myers and Claudette Michell, A Profile of Income Assistance Recipients in Winnipeg’s Inner City, Winnipeg Inner City Research Alliance, 2004.

  1. Chantal Bourassa, and Ysabel Provencher, Minimum Wage and Welfare incomes in New Brunswick. How to survive? School of Social Work, Université de Moncton. Common Front for Social Justice of New-Brunswick, October 12, 2004.
  1. Ysabel Provencher, and Chantal Bourassa, ‘If Welfare Owns You, You Can’t Do Nothing,’ Life on Social Assistance In New Brunswick. Action Research Laboratory, School Of Social Work, Université de Moncton, July 2005

  1. Guy Lacroix, Canada, Human Resources Development Canada, and Applied Research Branch.The Dynamics of Welfare Participation in Newfoundland: 1986-1998. Applied Research Branch, Strategic Policy, Human Resources Development Canada,
  1. Fran Locke with Penelope Rowe, and Canadian Council on Social Development, Poverty Reduction Policies and Programs: Tracing a Path from the Past to the Future, Ottawa, ON, Community Services Council Newfoundland and Labrador, Social Development Report Series, 2009.

  1. Goss Gilroy Inc., Nova Scotia Department of Community Services, and Canadian Electronic Library (Firm), Evaluation of Employment Support Services, Final ReportOttawa, ON, Gross Gilroy Inc., Prepared for Policy, Planning and Research/Employment Support Services Department of Community Services, Government of Nova Scotia, March 2007.
  1. Stella Lord and Anne Martell, Building Transitions to Good Jobs for Low-Income Women, Halifax, NS, Nova Scotia Advisory Council on the Status of Women, 2004.
  1. Christine Marie Saulnier and Canadian Council on Social Development, Poverty Reduction Policies and Programs in Nova Scotia: The Causes and Consequences of Poverty: Understanding Divisions and Disparities in Social and Economic Development in Nova Scotia, Ottawa, ON, Canadian Council on Social Development, 2009.
  1. Sara Wuite, Christine Saulnier and Stella Lord, Cornerstone Compromised: A Critical Analysis of Changes to Special Needs Assistance in Nova Scotia, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, July 2013. https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/Nova%20Scotia%20Office/2013/07/Cornerstone_Compromised_NS.pdf

  1. Auditor General of the Northwest Territories Legislative Assembly, Report, Northwest Territories Income Security Programs, Department of Education, Culture and Employment

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  1. Harry Beatty, “Ontario Disability Support Plan: Policy and Implementation” Journal of Law and Social Policy, 14, March 1999.
  1. Kendra Coulter Women, “Poverty Policy, and the Production of Neoliberal Politics in Ontario, Canada,” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, January 2009, 30:1, 23-45
  1. John Fraser, Cynthia Wilkey and JoAnne Frenschkowski, Denial by Design: The Ontario Disability Support Program, Toronto, ON, Income Security Advocacy Centre, 2003. http://www.incomesecurity.org/documents/DenialByDesignfinal.pdf
  1. Shelley A.M. Gavigan and Dorothy E. Chunn, “From Mothers’ Allowance To Mothers Need Not Apply: Canadian Welfare Law As Liberal And Neo-Liberal Reforms,” Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 45:4, 2007, 734 – 771. http://digitalcommons.osgoode.yorku.ca/ohlj/vol45/iss4/5/
  1. Government of Ontario, Office of the Auditor General of Ontario, “Ontario Disability,” in 2009 Annual Report, Chapter 3, Section 3.09, Queen’s Printer for Ontario, 2009, 219 – 237. http://www.auditor.on.ca/en/reports_2009_en.htm
  1. Government of Ontario, Office of the Auditor General of Ontario, “Ontario Works Program,” in 2009 Annual Report, Chapter 3, Section 3.11, Queen’s Printer for Ontario, 2009, 254-76. http://www.auditor.on.ca/en/reports_2009_en.htm
  1. Government of Ontario, Brighter Prospects: Transforming Social Assistance in Ontario, Frances Lankin and Munir A. Sheikh Commissioners, 2012, https://web.archive.org/web/20130523021952/http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca/en/mcss/programs/social/social_assistance_review.aspx
  1. Sonja Grover, “Pushing under-18s onto the street: a Canadian charter analysis of Ontario’s welfare-to-work scheme”, The International Journal of Human Rights, March 2005, 9:1, 37-48
  1. Dean Herd and Andrew Mitchell, “Discouraged, Diverted and Disentitled: Ontario Works New Service Delivery Model,” Toronto: The Community Social Planning Council of Toronto, 2002.
  1. Dean Herd and Andrew Mitchell, “Cutting Caseloads by Design: The Impact of the New Service Delivery Model for Ontario Works,” Canadian Policy of Public Review/Revue, 51, Spring/Summer 2003,114-120. http://www.yorku.ca/crsp/issue51/issue51-8.pdf
  1. Dean Herd, Andrew Mitchell and Ernie Lightman, “Rituals of Degradation: Administration as Policy in the Ontario Works Programme”, Social Policy and Administration, 39:1, Fall 2005, 65–79.
  1. Cindy Hanson and Lori Hanson, Unpaid work and social policy: Engaging research with mothers on social assistance, Action Research, June 2011, 9:2, 179-198
  1. Thomas Richard Klassen and Dan Buchanan, “Ideology, Policy, and Economy: Liberal, New Democratic and Conservative Reforms of Ontario’s Welfare Program,” Journal of Canadian Studies, 40:3, Fall 2006, 186-209.
  1. Siu-Ming Kwok and Dora M. Y. Tam, “Rethinking the Role of Municipal Governments on Redistribution in Ontario, Canada,” Journal of Policy Practice, March 2010, 9:2, 69-79
  1. Ernie Lightman, Andrew Mitchell and Dean Herd, Suspicion and Surveillance: Navigating Welfare’s Bureaucratic Maze, University of Toronto, Faculty of Social Work, Social Assistance in the New Economy (SANE) Working Report 2, 2003.
  1. Ernie Lightman, Dean Herd, and Andrew Mitchell, “Exploring the Local Implementation of Ontario Works,” Studies in Political Economy, 78, October 2006.
  1. Ernie Lightman, Andrew Mitchell and Dean Herd, “Welfare to What? After Workfare in Toronto,” International Social Security Review, October 2005, 58:4, 95-106
  1. Ernie Lightman, Andrew Mitchell, and Dean Herd, “One Year On: Tracking the Experiences of Current and Former Welfare Recipients in Toronto,” Journal of Poverty, December 2005, 9:4, .5-25
  1. Ernie Lightman, Dean Herd, and Andrew Mitchell, “Precarious Lives: Work, Health and Hunger among Current and Former Welfare Recipients in Toronto,” Journal of Policy Practice, August 2008, 7:4, 242-259
  1. Margaret Hillyard Little, “Manhunts and Bingo Blabs”: The Moral Regulation of Ontario Single Mothers,” The Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie, April 1994, 19:2, .233-247
  1. Marion Lynn and Milana L.Todoroff, “Sole Support Mothers on Social Assistance in Ontario: Barriers to Employment and Suggested Solutions,” Canadian Woman Studies, 18:1, April 1998, 72–75.
  1. Melodie Mayson, “Ontario Works and Single Mothers: Redefining ‘deservedness and the social contract’,” Journal of Canadian Studies, 34:2, July 1999, 89–109.
  1. André Marin, Ombudsman of Ontario, Final Report, Investigation into Unreasonable Delay at the Ministry of Community and Social Services’ Ontario Disability Support Program’s Disability Adjudication Unit “Losing the Waiting Game”, May 2006 https://ombudsman.on.ca/Investigations/SORT-Investigations.aspx
  1. Ian Morrison, “Ontario Works: A Preliminary Assessment,” Journal of Law and Social Policy, 13, March 1998.
  1. Allan Moscovitch “Participatory Reform in Canada: The Case of Social Assistance in Ontario,” Social Policy & Administration, 28(2), June 1994,120-127
  1. Janet Mosher and Joe Hermer, “Welfare Fraud: The Constitution of Social Assistance as Crime,” Division of Social Sciences, University of Toronto at Scarborough March 2005, Prepared for the Law Commission of Canada,Published in Janet Mosher and Joan Brockman (eds.), Constructing Crime: Contemporary Processes of Criminalization, UBC Press, 2010. https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/view/35905724/welfare-fraud-the-constitution-of-social-york-university
  1. Gail Nyberg, Ministry of Community and Social Services, and Social Assistance Review Advisory Council, Recommendations For An Ontario Income Security Review: Report of the Ontario Social Assistance Review Advisory Council, Toronto, ON, Ministry of Public & Social Assistance, May 2010.
  1. PC Caucus White Paper, Paths to Prosperity: Welfare to Work, January 2013. http://www.oaith.ca/assets/files/Publications/Poverty/Hudak-White-Paper-Social-Services-E.pdf
  1. Tracy Smith-Carrier, “A LEAP forward or a LEAP back? Revelations about the Learning, Earning and Parenting (LEAP) program of Ontario Works,” Social Policy and Society, April 2010, 9:2, 155-166
  1. Lorne Sossin, “Boldly Going Where No Law Has Gone Before: Call Centres, Intake Scripts, Database Fields and Discretionary Justice in Social Assistance,” Osgood Hall Law Journal, 42:3, 2004, 363.
  1. John Stapleton, Open Policy Ontario, A website of materials on social assistance and poverty in Ontario, http://openpolicyontario.com/publications/
  1. John StapletonThe “Welfareization” of Disability Incomes in OntarioWhat are the factors causing this trend?, Metcalf Foundation, December 2013. http://metcalffoundation.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Welfareization-of-Disability-Incomes-in-Ontario.pdf
  1. John Stapleton, Transitions Revisited: Implementing the Vision, Caledon Institute of Social Policy, September 2004.
  1. Carolyn Tuohy, Redesigning the Welfare State: Social Assistance Reform in Ontario. Report prepared for the Laidlaw Foundation, June 1992.

Resources needed.

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  1. René Auclair, Introduction à la sécurité sociale au Québec, Les Presses de L’Universite, Laval, 2003.
  1. Christophe Bedos, Jean-Marc Brodeur, Laurence Boucheron. et al., « The dental care pathway of welfare recipients in Quebec,” Social Science and Medicine, December 2003, 57:11, .2089-2099
  1. Nicole F. Bernier, Le désengagement de l’État providence Montréal : Presses de l’Université de Montréal, 2003.
  1. Bernard Fortin, Dépendance à l’égard de l’aide Sociale et Réforme de la Sécurité du Revenu, Département d’économique, Université Laval, Actualite Economique, Décembre 1997. http://www.ecn.ulaval.ca/w3/recherche/cahiers/1998/9803.pdf
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  1. Guy Fréchet et Pierre Lanctôt, Les Cheminement Hors Aide-Sociale au Québec, 1996-2001; Social Assistance Exit Trajectories in Quebec, 1996-2001, Conférence, Familles Canadiennes Sous Tension?, Montréal, Mai 19, 2005, Direction Générale Adjointe de la Recherche, de l’Evaluation et de la Statistique, Ministère de l’Emploi et de la Solidarité Sociale, à Paraître, 2005. https://depot.erudit.org/bitstream/001968dd/1/lanctotfrechet.pdf
  1. Guy Fréchet et Pierre Lanctôt, “Pauvretés, inégalités et exclusion sociale au Quebec,” Santé, Société et Solidarité, 2:1, 2003, 21-23. Http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/oss_1634-8176_2003_num_2_1_911
  1. Lionel-Henri Groulx, “La Restructuration Recente des Politiques Sociales au Canada et au Quebec: Elements d’Analyse,” Labour/Le Travail, 63:9, March 2009
  1. Natasha Kim and Tina Piper, “Gosselin v. Quebec: Back to the Poorhouse,” McGill Law Journal, 48:4, December 2003, 749.
  1. Guy Lacroix and Dany Brouillette, Assessing the impact of a wage subsidy for single parents on social assistance, Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d’économique, November 2011, 44:4, 1195-1221
  1. François Legras, Québec: le gouvernement libéral lance une nouvelle offensive contre les assistés sociaux, Publié par le Comité International de la Quatriéme Internationale (CIQI), Août 26, 2003. http://www.wsws.org/francais/News/2003/aout03/260803_aidesociale.shtml
  1. Sylvie Morel, Modèle du workfare ou modèle de l’insertion? La transformation de l’assistance sociale au Canada et au Québec, Publications de recherche en matière de politiques, Condition féminine Canada (CFC), Septembre 2002. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/Collection/SW21-95-2002F.pdf
  1. F. Rene, C.Lefebvre, M.Provost et J. Panet-Raymond, “La difficile intégration des bénéficiaires de l’aide sociale au Québec: Minima sociaux, logiques de contrepartie et conditions de vie; The difficulties of integrating social assistance recipients in Quebec: Basic income, in exchange principles and living conditions,” Lien social et politiques RIAC, 42, 1999, 109-119.

 

  1. Bill Holden, Nicola Chopin, Carmen Dyck, Nich Fraser, and Community-University Institute for Social Research, Poverty Reduction Policies and Programs: Saskatchewan, Canadian Council on Social Development, Social Development Report Series, 2009. http://www.ccsd.ca/images/research/SocialReports/PDF/SK_Report_FINAL.pdf
  1. Garson Hunter, and Dionne Miazdyck, Current Issues Surrounding Poverty And Welfare Programming in Canada: Two Reviews, Regina, SK, Social Policy Research Unit, University of Regina, August http://ourspace.uregina.ca/bitstream/handle/10294/937/working_paper_20.pdf?sequence=1
  1. Rick August, Taming Two Dragons: Poverty, Welfare, and the Future of Income Support, Frontier Centre for Public Policy, Policy Series No. 133, April 2012.
  1. Cindy Hanson and Lori Hanson, “Unpaid work and social policy: Engaging research with mothers on social assistance,” Action Research, 9:2, June 2011, 179–198.

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Resources needed.

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